The Fremantle Carnevale, now in its sixth year, represents a collaboration between Carnival scholars (with a strong applied focus) and the local interpreters of Carnival’s multiform traditional practices: the visual artists, musicians, writers and performers of Fremantle and Perth. Carnival festivities are observed (in private) in many Australian migrant communities, and there are also other notable Carnival (and Carnival-like) events such as Adelaide’s Italian Carnevale or the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras. But the Fremantle Carnival is probably unique in Australia in being informed by scholarly engagement with the anthropology of traditional Carnival practice, both globally and historically. Two valuable discussions: the EU-funded research project ‘Carnival King of Europe’ and the special issue of Social Identities (Vol. 16, No. 4, July 2010) on Carnival’s crossfire of art, culture and politics.